In our previous post we learned how random forest works and trained a random forest classifier. In this post we will learn how to train a random forest regressor in sklearn.

## Random Forest Regressor in Sklearn –

Just like how we can make a forest of decision tree classifiers, we can make a forest of decision tree regressor where each tree uses a bootstrapped subset of observations and at each node the decision rule considers only a subset of features. As with RandomForestClassifer, we have certain important parameters.

**max_features – **it sets the maximum number of features to consider at each node. Defaults to np.sqrt(p) where p is the total number of features.

**bootstrap – **sets whether or not to sample with replacement. Defaults to True.

**n_estimators – **sets the number of decision trees to construct. Default to 100.

Let’s read a dataset to train a Random Forest Regressor.

```
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from sklearn import datasets
housing = datasets.fetch_california_housing()
X = pd.DataFrame(housing.data, columns=housing.feature_names)
y = housing.target
X.head()
```

Next split the data into a training and a test set

```
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.2, random_state=42)
```

Now, let’s train a Random Forest Regressor and measure the error.

```
from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestRegressor
from sklearn.metrics import mean_squared_error
# create a Random Forest Regressor model
rf = RandomForestRegressor(random_state=42)
# train it on the training set
rf.fit(X_train, y_train)
# make predictions on the test set
y_pred = rf.predict(X_test)
# measure error
mse = mean_squared_error(y_test, y_pred)
rmse = np.sqrt(mse)
rmse
```

```
# output
0.5067648446287716
```