# How to Randomly Pick Items from a List in Python

## Problem –

You want to randomly pick items from a list or a sequence or generate random numbers.

## Solution –

The random module in python has various functions related to random numbers.

To randomly pick items from a list we can use the random.choice() function.

In [1]: import random

In [2]: numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

In [3]: # randomly pick a item from a list

In [4]: random.choice(numbers)
Out[4]: 4

In [5]: random.choice(numbers)
Out[5]: 6

In [6]: random.choice(numbers)
Out[6]: 6

In [8]: random.choice(coin)

In [9]: random.choice(coin)


To take a sample of N items from the list, use the random.sample() function.

In [10]: random.sample(numbers, 2)
Out[10]: [5, 9]

In [11]: random.sample(numbers, 4)
Out[11]: [3, 5, 1, 10]

In [12]: random.sample(numbers, 4)
Out[12]: [8, 4, 2, 7]

If you want to randomly shuffle items in place then use the random.shuffle() function.

In [13]: random.shuffle(numbers)

In [14]: numbers
Out[14]: [4, 3, 1, 10, 9, 7, 5, 2, 8, 6]

In [15]: random.shuffle(numbers)

In [16]: random.shuffle(numbers)

In [17]: numbers
Out[17]: [10, 5, 3, 7, 2, 6, 1, 8, 9, 4]

To produce random integer between two numbers use random.randint() function.

In [18]: random.randint(0, 10)
Out[18]: 4

In [19]: random.randint(0, 10)
Out[19]: 8

In [20]: random.randint(0, 100)
Out[20]: 12

In [21]: random.randint(0, 100)
Out[21]: 42


To produce random floating point value between 0 and 1 use the random.random() function.

In [22]: random.random()
Out[22]: 0.5657755727314651

In [23]: random.random()
Out[23]: 0.5966024924367329

In [24]: random.random()
Out[24]: 0.6170897474999034


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